jueves, 27 de noviembre de 2014

2.11.- Oraciones y preguntas con la expresión “used to”

En esta lección se va a explicar el uso y gramática que se sigue para expresar oraciones con "used to". En esencia la expresión "used to" va a ser usada para hablar acerca de hábitos del pasado o situaciones que son, a día de hoy, diferentes a cómo eran antes.


 Su gramática es sencilla:

"used to" + base form of the verb

 Oraciones afirmativas:



Aquí algunos ejemplos:

 1.- You used to exercise every day.
(Tu solías ejercitar todos los días)

2.- He used to live in USA.
(El solía vivir en Estados Unidos)

3.- They used to like rap music.
(A ellos solían gustarles la música rap)

 Oraciones negativas:



Se muestran los mismos ejemplos de la sección anterior en forma de negación:

1.- You didn't use to exercise every day.
(Tu no solías ejercitar todos los días)

2.- He didn't use to live in USA.
(El no solía vivir en Estados Unidos)

3.- They didn't use to like rap music.
(A ellos no les solía gustar la música rap)

Preguntas:


Recordemos que existen 2 tipos de preguntas: aquellas que se contestan Si / No y las que requieren una respuesta especifica.

A. Preguntas de respuesta Si / No


Ejemplos:

1.- Did you use to exercise every day?
(¿Solías tu ejercitar todos los días?)
Yes, I did / No, I didn't

2.- Did he use to live in USA?
(¿Solía el vivir en Estados Unidos?)
Yes, he did / No, he didn't

3.- Did they use to like rap music?
(¿Solían a ellos gustarles la música rap?)
Yes, they did / No, they didn't


B. Preguntas de respuesta especifica


Ejemplos:

1.- When did you use to exercise?
(¿Cuándo solías ejercitar?)
- I used to exercise on saturdays.
(Yo solía ejercitar los sábados.)

2.- Where did he use to live?
(¿Donde solía el vivir?)
- He used to live in USA.
(El solía vivir en Estados Unidos.)

3.- What music did they use to like?
(¿Que música solía gustarles a ellos?)
- They used to like rap music.
(A ellos solía gustarles la música rap.)

Podemos concluir que la expresión "used to" nos ayuda a describir algo que en el pasado tomó lugar durante un específico periodo de tiempo y por ahora ya no continua.

Con el objetivo de reforzar los conocimientos adquiridos con esta lección, se presenta un ejercicio práctico que va a ayudar a plantear distintos tipos de oraciones (ejemplos) concernientes a “used to”.

Ejercicio práctico: 


El siguiente cuadro nos va a ayudar a plantear declaraciones (afirmativas y negativas) así como preguntas y respuestas para este tema. Los nombres de las personas son Jane y Richard; las actividades de las columnas refieren a actividades comunes que se realizan en la infancia. 


Declaraciones:

Jane used to play with dolls when she was a child.
(Jane solía jugar con muñecas cuando ella era niña)

Richard used to collect stamps when he was a child.
(Richard solía coleccionar estampillas cuando él era niño)

They used to watch cartoons when they were children.
(Ellos solían mirar caricaturas cuando eran niños)

They didn't use to sleep with the lights on.
(Ellos no solían dormir con las lucen encendidas)

Preguntas / Respuestas:

1.- Did Jane use to collect stamps?
No, she didn't.

2..- Did Richard use to watch cartoons?
Yes, he did.

3.- Did they use to watch cartoons?
Yes, they did. 

4.- Did they use to play with dolls?
Only Jane did.

Mira el video con las explicaciones y ejemplos. Ver en YouTube.


En este tema se ha visto un uso muy específico del inglés, la expresión "used to" para hablar de hábitos del pasado que en el presente son inexistentes.

Actualización: Esta lección se encuentra disponible en video, haz clic aquí para ver en YouTube o en este enlace para revisar la lista de reproducción de este blog. Suscríbete a mi canal para futuros videos de inglés. Ejercicios Prácticos de esta unidad haciendo clic aquí. Más lecciones y recursos de inglés en este enlace.

Enlaces de Interés:

11 comentarios:

  1. SOTERO CRUZ 6 IM sabatino

    Sentences using used to:
    They used to work at that factory.
    He used to study before an exam.
    We used to eat ice cream every day.

    Sentences didn't using used to:
    She didn't used to sing in the morning.
    We didn't used to eat pizza every weekend.
    I didn't used to work in the night.

    Did you use to play videogames?
    Yes, I did.
    Did you use to read books?
    Yes, I did.
    Did you use to live in the USA?
    No, I didn't.

    ResponderEliminar
  2. JORGE ALBERTO LOPEZ MEDINA IM 6 SABATINO
    affirmative sentences:
    I used to go with my father at the fishing
    My brother used to dancing every weekend
    we used to meet on the last day of december the whole family
    negative sentences:
    He didn´t used to go to the partys
    They didn´t used to study for the math test
    My little friend didn´t used to eat well

    Did you use to play videogames?
    No I didn´t

    Did you use to read books?
    Yes I did

    Did you use to live in the USA ?
    No I didn´t

    ResponderEliminar
  3. JOSE ERNESTO DIAZ GARCIA 6 IM SABATINO
    I used to study in my bedroom.
    He used to play golf on Saturday.
    I used to buy chocalates before school.

    They dont ` t used to play football when it`s raining.
    They didn`t used to do their homework.
    She didn`t used to drink when she was at university.

    Did you use to play videogames?
    Yes, I did.
    Did you use to read books?
    Yes, I did.
    Did you use to live in the USA?
    No, Ididn`t.

    ResponderEliminar
  4. FRANCISCO ANTONIO AVIDA FABIAN 6IM SABATINO.
    AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES:
    I used to read every evening.
    They used to walk in the park.
    He used to sleep early after work.

    NEGATIVE SENTENCES:
    She didn't used to take the bus in the morning.
    He didn't used to play basketball.
    I didn't used to dine at home on the weekends.

    Did you use to play videogames?
    Yes, I did.
    Did you use to read books?
    Yes, I did.
    Did you use to live in the USA?
    No, I didn't.

    ResponderEliminar
  5. VICENTE SANCHEZ SANCHEZ 6 IM SABATINO

    - Affirmative sentences:
    I used to play basketball every day after school.
    I used to go swimming on weekends.
    They used to sing in a choir.

    - Negative sentences:
    We didn't use to eat a lot of meat.
    She didn't use to go jogging.
    It didn't use to rain a lot.

    Did you use to play videogames?
    Yes, I did.
    Did you use to read books?
    Yes, I did.
    Did you use to live in the USA?
    No, I didn't.

    ResponderEliminar
  6. Andres Lopez Yañez 6 IM Sabatino UT
    -Affirmative Sentences:
    I used to play soccer on weekend.
    I used to go to church on saturday.
    I used to study before of the exam.

    -Negative sentences:
    She didn't used to wear jeans.
    He didn't used to play soccer.
    They didn't used to speak english.

    Answer to questions
    Did you used to play videogames?
    Yes, I did.
    Did you used to read books?
    Yes, I did.
    Did you used to live in the USA?
    No, I didn't.

    ResponderEliminar
  7. Arturo Cruz Torres 6IM SABATINO
    Affirmative sentences :
    She used to study before of the exam.
    He used to go to swimming on weekends.
    I used to singular in a choir.

    Negative sentences:
    She didn't use to playa volleyball.
    I didn't use to dinero at home on the weekends.
    We didn't use to datos médium well.

    Aniversario to questions.

    Did you used to play videogames?
    Yes, I did.

    Did you used to real books?
    Yes, I did.


    Did you used to libertad in the USA?
    No, I didn't.


    ResponderEliminar
  8. Eulalio Nava Cruz 6°IM sabatino
    Affirmative sentences
    1.- I used to play football when I was small.
    2.- They used to run when at the ranch.
    3.- She used to go shopping to the market.
    Negative sentenses
    1.- He didn't used to work at the night.
    2.- She didn't used to sleep early.
    3.- I didn't used to run in the park the saturday.
    Answer to questions.
    1.- Did you used to play video games.
    No, I didn't.
    2.- Did you used to read books.
    yes, I did.
    3.- Did you used to live in the USA.
    No, I didn't.

    ResponderEliminar
  9. JOSE RICARDO SOTO RAMIREZ
    6 IM TURNO: SABATINO

    Affirmative Sentences
    1.- I used to walk in the morning
    2.- She used to play with your team.
    3.- Mi sister and i used to watch the movies in the afternoon.

    Negative Sentenses
    1.- My mom didn't used to arrive very night a home.
    2.- My uncle didn't used to go to the church.
    3.-The boy didn't used to be very tall.

    Answer to questions.
    1.- Did you used to play video games.
    Yes, I did.
    2.- Did you used to read books.
    Yes, I did.
    3.- Did you used to live in the USA.
    No, I didn't.

    ResponderEliminar
  10. EUGENIO HERNANDEZ CRUZ 6 IM
    -Affirmative Sentences:
    I used to play soccer on weekend.
    I used to go to church on saturday.
    I used to study before of the exam.

    -Negative sentences:
    She didn't used to wear jeans.
    He didn't used to play soccer.
    They didn't used to speak english.

    Answer to questions
    Did you used to play videogames?
    Yes, I did.
    Did you used to read books?
    Yes, I did.
    Did you used to live in the USA?
    No, I didn't.

    ResponderEliminar